Although the area of today's Novi Sad was inhabited even in prehistoric times, the town itself was founded just over three centuries ago. It was first mentioned in 1694.
Facts & Numbers
- In 1692, the Habsburg Monarchy rulers had started their construction of Petrovaradin Fortress, which for centuries before that, was actually a fortified settlement.
- The population of that area, consisting mostly of Serbs, but also of Germans, Jews, Hungarians, Greeks and many other nationalities, decided to settle down across the river Danube, opposite from the Fortress.
- Their settlement was at first called Racka varoš, meaning ‘The Serbian village’ and later Petrovaradinski Šanac or Petrovaradin’s moat.
- In 1716, the inhabitants of the village Almaš, in the Bačka area of Vojvodina, left their old homes and resettled in Petrovaradinski šanac. The neighborhood where they settled down was named Almaški kraj or the Almaški quarter.
- On February 1st, 1748, Petrovaradinski šanac acquired the status of a ‘free royal city’ and changed its name to Novi Sad. The edict and the new town privileges were signed by the Empress of the Holy Roman Empire, Maria Theresa.
- The town suffered heavy devastation and lost much of its population during the Uprising of 1848 and 1849. It was subsequently rebuilt in the spirit of that time.
- After World War I, Vojvodina and Novi Sad as its center were unified with the then Kingdom of Serbia and have ever since remained an inseparable part of Serbia.